For some people, they are an aesthetic nuisance, for others, a charm. The famous ephelides, the scientific name for freckles, those spots on the skin, or speckle, as many people often say, appear mainly on the face, but they can also appear on the arms and back. They have a higher incidence in redhead people and with clear eyes, the frackles usually appear during childhood. However, they can also appear over time, and they tend to increase in quantity over the years and exposure to the sun.
"Ephelides are small spots of pigmentation with shades ranging from light brown to dark brown. They are considered hyperchromias, that is, they are cutaneous alterations generated by the hyperactivity of the melanocytes, cells that produce melanin", explains the brazilian beautician Vandressa Bueno.
She claims that in general, skin pigmentation is related to several factors, such as aging, pregnancy, endocrine disorders, hormone treatments, genetics and sun exposure. However, two factors can be considered very relevant for the appearance of ephelides: the degree of sun exposure and genetics. "Individuals with lower phototype, such as redhead, for example, are more prone to triggering freckles due to the low production of melanin, responsible for the physiological skin protection against the sun's rays," says Vandressa.
For those who have freckles and some fear of these spots, may rest easy! They pose no threat to the health. "But like any hyperchromia, it is indicated the accompaniment of a professional esthetician or dermatologist to evaluate both the aesthetic and morphological evolution of the spots," recommends the beautician, who is also postgraduate in Aesthetics and Cosmetology and has a channel with tips on YouTube.
Although they are not considered a health threat, many people resort to treatments to clear them or try to get rid of them. Vandressa reports that they can be softened. "First, it is necessary to emphasize that for the treatment of any hyperchromia, it is essential the accompaniment of a qualified professional. Only he can customize the appropriate treatment for each case" she adds.
For many of these cases, the professional indicates the use of sunscreens, which have broad spectrum, good stability, Sun Protection Factor (FPS) and Persistent Pigment Darkening (PPD). "It is also indicated the use of whitenings like Vitamin C or depigmentantes, like the Hexylresorcinol, that are excellent allied to the treatment of the ephelides" she reveals.
Ana Claudia Dantas
Journalist specialized in communication, marketing and editorial collaborator of Bel Col Magazine Brazil.
Translated from Bel Col Magazine Brazil